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Begin of the Revolt
of the Three Feudatories (1,673 A.D.).
England began trading with China (1,680 A.D.). Revolt
of the Three Feudatories suppressed (1,681 A.D.).
Taiwan captured (1,683 A.D.).
Delineated boundary between Russia and China (1,689 A.D.).
Included Mongolia as part of Qings territory (1,697 A.D.)
Suppressed Tibets rebellion (1,720 A.D.)
Qing Shi Zong
(1,723 1,736 A.D.)
Sunu tried to crown Emperor Kang Xi's eighth son, Yun Yi to be king but failed. Yong Zheng succeded Kang Xi as the third king of the Qing Dynasty. Captured Qing Hai (1,723 A.D.). Same year, Emperor Yong Zheng
banned Christianity in China.
Encyclopedia published (1,728 A.D.)
Qing Gao Zong
(1,736 1,796 A.D.)
executed for violation of the ban on Christianity (1748 A.D.). Conquered Turkestan
(1,755 A.D.). To stop the spread of Christianity, Qian Long initiated the Closed Door Policy.
Lin Zexu made commissioner,
burnt opium (1,839 A.D.).
Opium War- Britain captured Zhou Shan and attacked Ning
Po (1,840 A.D.)
Opium War ended with the signing of Nanjing Treaty; 1)
opened up five trading ports and 2) cession of Hong Kong to England (1,842
Qing Wen Zong
(1,851 1,862 A.D.)
Hong Xiu Quan led the Taiping Rebellion (1,851 A.D.), occupied Jin Ling (1,853 A.D.). Missionary
James Hudson Taylor
came to China (1853 A.D.)
Joint forces of England and France attacked China over
the banning of opium (1,857 A.D)
Anglo-French army occupied Beijing, Xian Feng escaped
to Re He; Summer Palace looted by British and French troops. China signed
Beijing treaty with England, France and Russia to end the war by paying
indemnity and giving up more land (1,860 A.D.)
Qing Mu Zong
(1,862 1,875 A.D.)
When Xiang Feng died, Tong Zhi was only 6 years old.
Empress Dowager or better known as Cixi (Tong Zhis mother) ruled China behind curtain until Tong Zhi was 17. After Tong Zhi married, he assumed kingship.
Taiping troops defeated in Shanghai (1,862 A.D.)
Zeng GuoFan recovered
Jin Ling, and Hong Xiu Quan committed suicide (1,864 A.D.)
Birth of the Father of China, Sun Wen (1,866 A.D.)
Japan occupied Taiwan (1,874 A.D.)
Tong Zhi's relationship with his mother Empress Dowager fighting over power. Suppressed by his mother, Tong Zhi became a womanizer and eventually contracted a sexually transmitted disease and died at a young age of 19.
With Empress Dowagers influence, the officials voted to crown Prince Chuns son as king. Although Tong Zhis wife was pregnant at the time, Cixi wanted Prince Chuns son as king for the following reasons, 1) allowing
Tong Zhis son to become king will make Tong Zhis wife queen over herself, 2) Prince Chuns wife is Cixis sister.
Qing De Zong
(1,875 1,909 A.D.)
Empress Dowager ruled China behind curtain once again with the help of Prince Gong (1875-1908).
Zuo Zhong Tang conquered Xin Jiang.
Sent troops to Vietnam to resist France (1,883 A.D.)
Declared war against France; French troop surrounded Taiwan
Vietnam fell; China signed peace treaty with France (1,885
Established Bei Tang Navy (1,891 A.D.)
Civil war in Korea. China sent troops to help Korea and
sparked the Sino-Japanese war (1,894 A.D.)
Sino-Japanese war ended, signed Ma Guan treaty, giving
Taiwan to Japan (1,895 A.D.)
Hundred day reform by Guan Xu. CiXi suppressed reform
and ruled again, killing all related officials, and house-arrested Guan
Xu. (1,898 A.D.)
France took gulf of Guang Zhou; England took Kowloon;
America forced China to open it's door (1,899 A.D.)
Boxer Rebellion sparked the mass invasion of China by
eight countries, including England, America, Germany, France, and Russia
Signed peace treaty with the eight countries (1,901 A.D.).
Abolished traditional Civil Service System (1,905 A.D.)
There was a mystery surrounding the death of Guan Xu which still casts doubts in the mind of historians. Cixi died in 1909. A few hours before her death, Guan Xu died mysteriously of an unknown cause. Could Cixi have
poisoned Guan Xu just hours before her own death? We probably would never find out.
Cixi was also notorious for taking the money that would have gone to strengthen the military and built a park for her own enjoyment, know as the Yi He Yuan. This further weakened China.
Qing Xuan Tong Di
(1,909 1,911 A.D.)
Japan conquered Korea
Rebellion started in Wu Chang (1,911 A.D.)
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